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Structure of Games

Structure of Games

Formal Elements

Rules are a Formal Element that determine a player’s boundaries.

Rules are a Formal Element that determine a player’s boundaries.

The Difference between games and other forms of media. This includes: Rules, Resources, and Boundaries.


Dramatic Elements

Dramatic Elements help players become invested in the game’s outcome

Dramatic Elements help players become invested in the game’s outcome

The Story and Narrative of the game. The Dramatic Elements help players understand the rules and structure of the game and become emotionally invested in the game’s outcome.


Dynamic Elements

Strategy is a Dynamic Element where players determine how to win within the rules of the game

Strategy is a Dynamic Element where players determine how to win within the rules of the game

This is the game when the rules are put into play. This includes: strategy, behavior, and relationships with other game entities.

 

Fullerton, T., Swain, C., & Hoffman, S. (2014). Game design workshop: A playcentric approach to creating innovative games. Amsterdam: Elsevier Morgan Kaufmann.