The Difference between games and other forms of media. This includes: Rules, Resources, and Boundaries.
The Story and Narrative of the game. The Dramatic Elements help players understand the rules and structure of the game and become emotionally invested in the game’s outcome.
This is the game when the rules are put into play. This includes: strategy, behavior, and relationships with other game entities.
Fullerton, T., Swain, C., & Hoffman, S. (2014). Game design workshop: A playcentric approach to creating innovative games. Amsterdam: Elsevier Morgan Kaufmann.